Until the Ottomans conquered Egypt, the country had a flourishing carpet industry which reached its peak during the days of the Mamlukes. Until about mid 16 Century these carpets could easily compete with carpets made in Persia.
The carpets made by the Mamlukes are so strikingly individual that they can never be confused with any other oriental carpets. Many of those made before the Ottomans conquest were made only in three colors, red, blue and yellowish green. A silvery haze lies over all early pieces, due to the fineness of the wool used.