Oriental Rugs Dictionary

This page is designed to assist you with the numerous terms and definitions that are common with the oriental rugs industry. as whole, and Antique Oriental Rugs in particular.

The names used by scholars of oriental rugs refer to the origins of the items, geographical as well as ethnic.

Please note that this glossary is a new feature in our site and under construction and improvement. Your comments are highly appreciated and welcomed.

Index:

A|B|C|D|E|F|G|H|I|J|K|L|M|N|O|P|Q|R|S|T|V|W|Y|Z

 

A

Abrash
Term used in the trade for color change in a carpet
Abruzzi
District in Italy known for their textiles
Ada Melas
Type of Anatolian Rug
Adam
Style of architectual and interior decoration
Adler
Type of Kazak Rug
Admiral Carpets
Type of 15 Century Spanish carpets
Afshan
Mitif in design of varius type carpets
Afshar
Type of Persian Tribal rug
Agra
Type of Indian carpets
Ahar
Type of Northwest Persia carpets
Aksaray
Type of Anatolian Tribal rug
Akstafa
Type of Caucasian rugs
Alcaraz
Tyoe of Spanish period carpets
All-Over Pattern
Style of design in various carpets
Allepo
Type of carpets made in Syria
Alpine Kuba
Type of Caucasian rugs
Ames Picturial Carpet
Mughal carpet in Boston Museum
Amritsar
Type of Indian carpets
Anatolian Kilims
Selection of Anatolian kilims
Angora
Quality of wool used in carpets
Anhalt Medallion Carpet
16 Century Persian Carpet in Metropolitan Museum
Aniline Dye
Type of dyes used in carpets and textiles
Arabesque
Style of design in carpets
Arak
A village in Central Persia
Ardabil Carpets
A carpet in Victoria and Albert Museum, made for a mosque in Ardabil
Art Deco
Style of carpets from early 20 Century
Art Nouveau
Style of carpets made late 19 Century
Arts and Craft
Style of carpets
Asmalyk
Shape of Turkoman rugs
Aubusson
Type of carpets made in France
Avar
Type of Caucasian rugs
Avunya
Type of Anatolian Tribal rug
Axminster
Type of carpets made in England
Azerbaijan
Ruga made in Northwest Persia

B

Bakhshaish
Tyoe of village carpets in Northwest Persia
Bakhtiar
Type of Persian Tribal rugs
Baktiari
Type of Persian Tribal rug
Ballard, James Franklin
Collection of carpets in Metropolitan Museum
Baluch
Type of Persian Tribal rugs
Bellini
Rugs named after similar items in Giovani Bellini paintings
Beluch
Type of Persian Tribal rug
Bergama
Type of Anatolian Tribal rug
Bergama Kis
Type of Anatolian Tribal rug
Berlin Dragon and Phoenix
Early 15 Century rug from an Italian church
Beshir
Type of Turkoman rugs
Bessarabian
Type of rugs from Eastern Europe
Bezalel
Type of rugs made in Jerusalem
BiBi Kabad
Type off Persian village carpets
Bidjar
Type of Persian Village rugs and carpets
Bidjov
Type of Caucasian rugs
Bird Asmalyk
Type of Turkoman rugs
Bird Oushak
Type of period Anatolian rugs
Birjand
City in Eastern Iran
Blossom Carpet
Type of early Caucasian rugs
Bokhara
City in West Turkistan
Bordjaloo kazak
Type of Kazak
Boteh
Motif in design of carpets
Braided Carpet
Type of carpets made of strips of cloth
Butterfly Saddle Rugs
Shape of Chinese rugs

C

C Gul
Elemnet in Turkoman rugs
Camel Hair
Type of wool and color
Caucasus
Caucasian rugs
Cemetery rug
Type of tribal rugs
Chahar Mahal
Type of Persian Tribal rug
Chair Cover
Rugs made for Royal thrones in China
Chajili
Type of Caucasian rugs
Chanakkale
Type of Anatolian Tribal rug
Chapan
Turkoman or Uzbeki robes
Chelarberd
Type of Kazak
Chelsea Carpet
16 Century carpet in Victoria Albert Museum
Chemical Wash
Type of carpet washing to soften the colors
Cherpi
Type of Turkoman coats
Chessboard
Element in Chinese or Tibetan rugs
Chi Chi
Type of Caucasian rugs
Chief Blanket
Type of American Indian textiles
Chila
Type of Caucasian rugs
Chinese Fette
Type of Chinese carpets
Chintamani Oushak
Group of early Oushak rugs
Chirpi
Type of Turkoman coats
Chodor
Type of Turkoman rugs
Chrysanthemum
Flower in Chinese carpets
Cloud Lattice
Elemnt in Chinese carpets
Cloudband
Type of Kazak rugs
Coupled Column Prayer Rug
Type of early Anatolian rugs
Crane
Elemnt in Chinese rugs
Cuenca
Type of Spanish carpets

D

Daghestan
Type of Caucasian rugs
Dates
Dates in carpets
Dazkiri
Type of Anatolian Tribal rug
Deer
Elemnt in Chinese and other type carpets
Donegal
Type of carpets made in Irland
Dorokhsh
Type on Northeastern Persian carpets

E

Eagle
Type of Kazak rugs
Engsi
Shape of Turkoman rugs
Ensi
Shape of Turkoman rugs
Esphahan
Type of Persian city rugs
Ezine
Type of Anatolian Tribal rug

F

Fachralo
Type of Kazak rugs
Farahan
Type of Persian Village rug
Felt Carpet
Type of Turkoman rugs
Fereghan
Type of Persian Tribal rug
Fette
Type of Chinese carpets and rugs
Filkili
Type of Anatolian Tribal rug
Fu Dog
Elemnet in Chinese carpets and rugs

G

Gabbeh
Type of Persian Tribal rug
Gansu
Type of early Chinese carpets
Garabagh
Type of Caucasian rugs
Garajeh
Type of Persian Village rugs
Garden Carpet
Design in Persian and Indian carpets
Geirous
Type of Kurdish rugs and carpets
Gendje
Type of Caucasian rugs
Genjeh
Type of Caucasian rugs
Germesh
Element in Turkoman rugs
Geysari
Type of Village Anatolian rugs
Ghashgai
Type of Persian Tribal rug
Ghiordes
Type of Anatolian Tribal rug
Girdlers Carpet
Early 17 Century Mughal carpet in Victoria and Albert Museum
Goradis
Type of Caucasian rugs

H

Halep
Rugs made in Syria
Hamadan
Type of Persian village rugs
Hand of Fatima
Element in Tribal Rugs
Herati Pattern
Elemnt in carpets
Hereke
Type of Anatolian City rugs
Herez
Type of Persian Village rugs and carpets
Heriz
Type of Persian Village rugs and carpets
Hilla
Type of Caucasian rugs
Holbein
Rugs named after the German painter Hans Holbein
Hooked rug
Style of carpet making

I

Ikat
Process of textile making
Indian
Indian carpets
Isphahan
Type of Persian city carpets and rugs

J

Jaff
Type of Kurdish rugs
Jajim
Type of Persian Tribal rug
Jezwa
Type of Caucasian rugs
Jordes
Type of Caucasian rugs
Joshegan
Type of Persian village rugs
Jozan
Type od Persian village rugs
Jute
Fiber used in carpet production

K

Kaitag
Type of embroidered Caucasian textiles
Kansu
Type of Chinese carpets
Kapunuk
Shape of Turkoman rugs
Karabagh
Type of Caucasian rugs
Karachopt kazak
Type of Kazak
Karadja
Type of Persian Village rug
Karagashli
Type of Caucasian rugs
Karakachili
Type of Anatolian Tribal rug
Karapinar
Type of Anatolian Tribal rug
Kars
Type of Anatolian Tribal rug
Kashan
Type of Persian City rugs
Kashgar
Type of East Turkistan rugs
Kasim Oushag
Type of Kazak
Kaysari
Type of Anatolian Village Rugs
Kazak
Kazak rugs
Kerman
Type of Persan city carpets and rugs
Khamseh
Type of Persian Tribal rug
Khila
Type of Caucasian rugs
Khotan
Type of East Turkistan rugs
Kirghiz
Type of Turkoman rugs
Kirman
Type of Persian city carpets and rugs
Kirshehir
Type of Anatolian Tribal rug
Kirshir
Type of Anatolian Tribal rug
Kis
Element in Anatolian rugs
Konagkend
Type of Caucasian rugs
Konya
Type of Anatolian Tribal rug
Kozak
Type of Anatolian Tribal rug
Kuba
Type of Caucasian rugs
Kula
Type of Anatolian Tribal rug
Kum Kapou
Type of work shop rugs in Anatolia
Kurdish
Type of Persian tribal rugs

L

Ladik
Type of Anatolian Tribal rug
Lambaloo Kazak
Type odf Kazaks
Lenkoran
Type of Kazak
Leopard Carpets
Pair of 16 Century carpets in Metropolitan and Vienna Museums
Lesgi
Type of Caucasian rugs
Lilian
Type of Persian village rugs
Lori
Type of Persian Tribal rug
Lori pambak kazak
Type of Kazaks
Lotto
Rugs named after Venitian painter Lorenzo Lotto
Lou Lan
Luri
Type of Persian Tribal rug

M

Mafrash
A flat woven bag in a form of a box
Mahal
Type of Persian Village carpets
Makri
Type of Anatolian Tribal rug
Mamluk
Period Egyptian carpets
Manyas
Type of Anatolian Tribal rug
Marasali
Type of Caucasian rugs
Mashad
Type of Persian City carpets
Masulipatam
Type of Indian carpets
Megri
Type of Anatolian tribal rugs
Mekri
Type of Anatolian tribal rugs
Melas
Type of Anatolian Tribal rug
Meshed
Type of Persian City carpets
Moghan
Type of Kazak
Mongolian
Mongolian rugs and carpets
Moroccan
Moroccan carpets and rugs
Mudjur
Type of Anatolian Tribal rug
Mughal
Period Indian carpets

N

Nain
Type of Persian City carpets
Navaho
American Indian textiles
Ninghsia
Type of Chinese rugs and carpets
Nortwest Persia
Items made in Northwest Persia

O

Okbash
Shape of Turkoman rugs
Ottoman Carpets
Period carpets made in Ottoman Dynasty era
Oushak
Type of workshop rugs and carpets in Anatolia

P

Panderma
Type of Anatolian Village Rug
Pazyryk Carpet
A priod carpet in Hermitage Museum
Peacock
Elemnt in Chinese rugs and carpets
Peking
Type of Chinese carpets
Perpedil
Type of Caucasian rugs
Pillar Carpet
Type if Chinese carpets
Pinwheel Kazak
Type of Kazak
Polonaise
Typr of early Persian rugs
Pomegranate
Element in East Turkistan rugs
Pre Columbian
Pre Columbian textiles

Q

Qashkuli
Type of Persian Tribal rug
Qashqa
Type of Persian Tribal rug

R

Rainbow Border
Elemnet in Chinese carpets
Running Dog Border
Elemnet in Caucasian rugs
Rya
Type of Scandinavian rugs

S

Sacred Mountain Motif
Motif in Chinese rugs
Salor
Type of Turkoman rugs
Salt Bag
Shape of Turkoman rugs
Samarkand
Center of carpet export in East Turkistan
Sarouk
Type of Persian village rugs
Saryk
Type of Turkoman rugs
Savonnerie
Type of French carpets
Seneh
Type of Persian Village carpets
Senna
Type of Persian Village carpets
Serapi
Type of Persian Village carpets
Sevan Kazak
Type of Kazak
Sevas
Type of Anatolian village rugs
Sewan Kazak
Type of Kazak
Seychour
Type of Caucasian rugs
Shirvan
Type of Caucasian rugs
Sileh
Type of Caucasian rugs
Sivas
Type of Anatolian village rugs
Smyrna
Type of Anatolian rugs
Soumac
Type of Caucasian rugs
Star kazak
Type of Kazak
Sultan Abad
Type of Persian Village rugs and carpets
Sunburst
Type of Kazak
Suzani
Type of Uzbeki embroidered textile

T

Tabriz
Type of Persian city rugs and carpets
Talish
Type of Caucasian rugs
Tamga
Element in Tribal rugs
Teheran
Type of Persian city carpets and rugs
Tekke
Type of Turkoman rugs
Throne Back
Type of Royal Chinese rugs
Tibetan
Tibetan rugs and carpets
Transylvania
17 Century rugs found in churches in Eastern Europe
Tuduc
Rugs made by a Rumanian restorer early 20 century
Tuduk
Rugs made by a Rumanian restorer early 20 century
Tulu
Type of Anatolian Tribal rug
Turkoman
Turkoman rugs and carpets

V

Veramin
Type of Persian Tribal rug
Verneh
Type of Caucasian rugs
Voysey
Carpets made by Voysey in Irland

W

William Moris
Carpets made for William Moris

Y

Yalameh
Type of Persian Tribal rugs
Yarkand
Type of rugs made in East Turkistan
Yastik
Term for a size in Anatolian rugs
Yomut
Type of Turkoman rugs
Yomut Asmalyk
Type of Turkoman rugs
Yuruk
Type of Anatolian Tribal rug

Z

Zakatala
Type of Caucasian rugs
Zeikhour
Type of Caucasian rugs
Zejwa
Type of Caucasian rugs
Zeleh Sultan
Type of Persian Village rugs
Zigler
Type of carpets made in Central Persia for Zigler and Company