The decorative style of Art Nouveau flourished in the last decade of 19 Century. It influenced the design of architecture, graphics, and domestic furnishings. A return to high standards of craftsmanship was a goal of this movement. The style is characterized by the exuberant use of plant forms (stems, vines, leaves, flowers) attenuated and integrated into the shape of the object. The “Whipping Lash” motif is the leading character in most Art Nouveau objects.
Outstanding examples of carpets were designed with these highly stylized plant forms by Sir Frank Brangwyn, Gallen Kallela of Finland, and Gallen Kallela of Belgium.