Metropolitan antique oriental carpet gallery home page

Collectible items sorted by origins and types

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New York City dealer in Persian, Caucasian, Turkish, Indian and European antique decorative and collectible rugs and carpets

Aubussons, Axminsters, Savonneries, Tapestries, Persian carpets and more at Metropolitan Carpet Gallery

 

ORIENTAL RUGS DICTIONARY

Aniline Dye

 

In 1856, von Hofmann's student William Henry Perkin discovered mauveine and went into industry producing the first syntheticdye.  Other aniline dyes followed, such as fuchsine, safranine, and induline.  At the time of mauveine's discovery, aniline was expensive. Soon thereafter, applying a method reported in 1854 by Antoine Béchamp, it was prepared "by the ton".   The Béchamp reduction enabled the evolution of a massive dye industry in Germany. Today, the name of BASF, originally Badische Anilin- und Soda-Fabrik, now among the largest chemical suppliers, echoes the legacy of the synthetic dye industry, built via aniline dyes and extended via the related azo dyes. The first azo dye was aniline yellow.